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City Tour

Mevlana Museum (Konya)

Mevlana

 

Mevlana Dergahı (Dervish Lodge) which is presently used as a museum formerly the Rose Garden of the Seljuks Palace. It was given as a gift to Mevlana's father Sultanü'l-Ulema Bahaaeddin Veled by Sultan Alaeddin Keykubat.

 

When Sultanü'l-Ulema died on 12 January 1231, he was buried in the present grave which is in the mausoleum. This was the first burial ever to take place in the Rose Garden. 

 

After the death of Sultanü'l-Ulema, his friends and disciples approached Mevlana and expressed their wish to build a maussoleum over his grave. Mevlana refused this request remarking "How could there be a better mausoleum than the sky itself?). However,  when he died on 17 December 1273, his son Sultan Veled accepted the request of those who wanted to build a mausoleum over Mevlana's grave.The mausoleum called "Kubbe-i Hadra" (Green mausoleum) was built by the architect Bedrettin from Tebriz for 130.000 Seljuk dirhem (currency) on four elephant feet (thick columns). After this date, the construction activities never ceased and continued in stages up to the end of the 19th century. 

 

Mevlevi Dergahı (Dervish Lodge) and the mausoleum started to function as a museum in 1926 under the name of Konya Museum of Historical Works. In 1954 the display pattern of the museum was once more taken up and it was renamed as the Mevlevi Museum. 

 

While the Museum originally covered an area of 6.500m² together with its garden, with the section expropriated later and designed as a rose garden, it has today reached a size of 18.000m² .

 

The courtyard of the museum is entered from "Dervişan Kapısı" (The gate of the Dervishes). There are dervish cells along the north and west sides of the courtyard. The south side, after Matbah and Hürrem Pasha Mausoleums, terminates with the gate of Hamuşan (Sealed Lips) which opens to Üçler cemetery. On the eastern side of the courtyard there are mausoleums of Sinan Pasha, Fatma Hatun and Hasan Pasha, the Semahane  (Ritual Prayer Hall) next to them and the small mosque (mesjid) section and the main building where the graves of Mevlana and his family members are also housed. 

 

The courtyard is given a special flavor with the roofed washing fountain (şadırvan) built by Sultan Yavuz Sultan Selim in 1512 and the "Şeb-i Arus" (means nuptial night or the night Mevlana passed away) pool and the fountain which is located in the northern part of the court and called Selsebil. http://www.mevlana.gov.tr
 

 

Catalhoyuk

Catalhoyuk Neolithic City (Konya)


UNESCO World Heritage List Date of acquisition: 2012
List Queue Number: 1405
Category: Cultural
Location: Central Anatolia Region, Konya Province, Çumra District
 
The Catalhoyuk Neolithic City, which has witnessed important social changes and developments such as the beginning of agriculture and hunting together with the transition to the established social life which is an important stage in the development of mankind, is located on an area of approximately 14 ha in the South Anatolian Plateau. The Catalhoyuk Neolithic city, which is composed of two mounds, has a longer East Mound, it consists of 18 Neolithic settlement layers dated between B.C. 7400 and 6200 years. These layers include wall paintings, reliefs, sculptures and other artifacts symbolizing social organization and resident life passages. The West Hoyuk exhibits cultural characteristics belonging to the Chalcolithic Period, dated between B.C. 6.200 and 5.200. With these characteristics, Catalhoyuk is an important proof of the transition of urban life from the villagers who have more than 2000 years in the same geography.
 
The houses adjacent to Catalhoyuk with their interlocking entrances exhibit a unique characteristic. Despite the existence of Neolithic areas in the Middle East and Anatolia, Catalhoyuk Neolithic City carries extraordinary universal value with its unique composition of the size of the remains, the density of the living society, strong artistic and cultural traditions and the continuity over time.